gms | German Medical Science

51. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Medizinische Informatik, Biometrie und Epidemiologie

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Medizinische Informatik, Biometrie und Epidemiologie e. V. (gmds)

10. - 14.09.2006, Leipzig

The uptake of Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission services in rural Burkina Faso: a detailed analysis

Meeting Abstract

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  • Malabika Sarker - Hygiene Institute, Heidelberg

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Medizinische Informatik, Biometrie und Epidemiologie e.V. (gmds). 51. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Medizinische Informatik, Biometrie und Epidemiologie. Leipzig, 10.-14.09.2006. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2006. Doc06gmds304

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Published: September 1, 2006

© 2006 Sarker.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.



Introduction & Method

The Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV has become a major focus of HIV control programs in many sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries [1], [2], [3].

A cross sectional survey was conducted from July to December 2004 among 435 pregnant women who had the opportunity to participate in PMTCT program offered by the hospital. Separate multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with accepting HIV counseling and HIV testing. Additionally, reported reasons for returning for, and disclosing test results were also analyzed.


While participation in HIV counseling was associated with factors related to social background and discussing HIV testing with the partner, HIV testing participation was only related to discussing HIV screening with the partner (OR 8.47), and the number of ANC visits already accomplished (OR 2.29). Among those who discussed HIV testing with the partner, only 6.6 % reported a partner related barrier as a reason for not participating in testing, in contrast to 25 % among those who did not discuss. The analysis of participants by discussion status and counseling and testing participation revealed that fewer women dropped out at whatever point of the process from the group that discussed HIV testing with their partner.


Communication with the partner appeared to have a crucial in the decision making process about the uptake of HIV testing, and may require some time to succeed. However, many women failed to participate because of perceived fear of objection from the partners. Encouraging women to initiate a discussion about HIV screening with their partners may be a viable intervention to improve participation in HIV programs.


Dabis F, Newell ML, Fransen L, Saba J, Lepage P, Leroy V et al. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in developing countries: recommendations for practice. The Ghent International Working Group on Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV. Health Policy Plan. 2000; 15:34-42.
De Cock KM, Fowler MG, Mercier E, de V I, Saba J, Hoff E et al. Prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission in resource-poor countries: translating research into policy and practice. JAMA. 2000; 283:1175-82.
Global HIV prevention working group. Access to HIV prevention: Closing the Gap. 2005. Seattle: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation: 2003.