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Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA)

08.10. - 10.10.2009, Freiburg

A training and education continuum for dentistry and medicine – a Bologna oriented concept

Ein Trainings- und Ausbildungskontinuum für Zahnmedizin und Medizin – ein auf Bologna ausgerichtetes Konzept


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Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung - GMA. Freiburg im Breisgau, 08.-10.10.2009. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2009. Doc09gmaT4V061

doi: 10.3205/09gma061, urn:nbn:de:0183-09gma0610

Published: September 2, 2009

© 2009 Rotgans et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.



Purpose: 1999 the EU member states decided in their Bologna Declaration to overcome permanent problems with recognition, crediting, quality, mobility and internationalization until 2010. One of the recommendations was to introduce a life-long training concept based on three cycles: bachelor, master and doctorate.

Methods: Though a lot of countries already implemented a variety of curricula in medicine reserve is observed. If implemented, faculties reshaped their curricula simply by announcing the preclinical phase "bachelor phase" and the clinical one "master phase". As traditional basic medical training and education is per definitionem at the undergraduate level, these curricula not only violate the recommendations but are explicitly contra-productive to the goals of the Bologna initiative. Beyond this, the question arises whether a (basic) doctor and dentist must be a master. RWTH University Aachen Medical Faculty developed a concept

  • to simply reorganize the current 12 semester structured medical curriculum (2 x 14 weeks) in trimester (3 x 14 weeks); as for the 10 semester structured dental curriculum without any loss of quality, and
  • to allow restricted licensure according to the Medical resp.

Dental Treatment Act for an additional two-year national interim cycle towards full licensure to fulfil the EU-regulation of at least 6 resp. 5 years training and education.

Results: The intended reorganisation

  • meets the bachelor standard by delivery of an employable doctor and dentist,
  • allows students to start specialization two years earlier as before,
  • assures that the shorter length of study is related to the half-life of actual medical knowledge.

Conclusion: The concept meets the respective Bologna Recommendation exemplar. It is therefore expected that the concept will be Gold Standard for the MedEd-Project about accreditation and certification of the German Society of Medical Education.