gms | German Medical Science

Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA)

10.11. bis 12.11.2006, Köln

Targeted peer teaching of first aid does not result in better long term retention of skills


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  • corresponding author Jan Breckwoldt - Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin, Deutschland
  • Daniela Treptow - Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin, Deutschland
  • author Jörg Weimann - Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin, Deutschland

Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung - GMA. Köln, 10.-12.11.2006. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2006. Doc06gma053

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Published: October 23, 2006

© 2006 Breckwoldt et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.



Objectives: In Germany first aid and basic life support (BLS) training for 1st and 2nd year students is not delivered by university. Instead students usually attend a basic two day lay course. Naturally these courses do not meet the specific needs of medical students. As a reaction elder students designed a targeted course for their younger fellows using scenario based learning, improved teacher-participant ratio, and an exclusive peer approach. Subjective evaluation and short term results were excellent. But there were no long term data comparing skills and knowledge to students having completed a conventional lay course .

Methods: Evaluation was performed as formative testing 1.7 years in mediane after completing the first aid course. A written MCQ and two standardised clinical examinations (SCE) were done by all students who entered the 3rd year of medical school. MCQ and SCEs were rated for the achieved percentage of the maximum.

Results: Of 99 eligable students 24 had completed a conventional first aid course (group 1) and 75 the targeted peer-led course (group 2). In the written test group 1 achieved a mean of 38,0%, wereas group 2 reached 35,0%. In the practical SCEs group 1 achieved a mediane of 58,9% and 66,5%, while group 2 reached 59,7% and 73,2%. Statistical analysis revealed no significant difference for any of the tests.

Conclusions: Long term retention of skills and knowledge in first aid and BLS is not better after a targeted peer-led first aid course than after a public lay course of equal duration.


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