gms | German Medical Science

7th EFSMA – European Congress of Sports Medicine, 3rd Central European Congress of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Annual Assembly of the German and the Austrian Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Austrian Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

26.-29.10.2011, Salzburg, Austria

Study regarding the correlation between the neck circumference, some obesity indices and overweight – metabolic syndrome risk in a group of young athletes

Meeting Abstract

  • author presenting/speaker Lavinia Gligor - "Vasile Goldis" Western University, Faculty of General Medicine, Pharmacy and Dental Medicine, Pharmacology Department, ARAD, Romania
  • corresponding author presenting/speaker Serban Gligor - West University, Physical Education and Sport Faculty, Kinesytherapy Department, TIMISOARA, Romania
  • author Sorin Gradinaru - West University, Physical Education and Sport Faculty, TIMISOARA, Romania
  • author Tiberiu Puta - West University, Physical Education and Sport Faculty, TIMISOARA, Romania
  • author Razvan Gligor - "Vasile Goldis" Western University, Faculty of General Medicine, Pharmacy and Dental Medicine, Pharmacology Department, ARAD, Romania
  • author Simona Dorin - Family Medicine Praxis, TIMISOARA, Romania

7th EFSMA – European Congress of Sports Medicine, 3rd Central European Congress of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Salzburg, 26.-29.10.2011. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2011. Doc11esm233

DOI: 10.3205/11esm233, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-11esm2335

Published: October 24, 2011

© 2011 Gligor et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.en). You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.


Outline

Text

Objective: The paper objectives are to revealed the overweight and metabolic syndrome risk, on a group of young students, members of two university’s teams, and also to revealed the correlation between neck circumference, some obesity indices and the results of four nutrition questionnaires.

Material/Methods: The study was conducted on a group of 29 athletes of both genders, with a mean age ± SD of 23.58±5.22 (aged between 19 to 39 years), members of two university's teams: men's volleyball team (41.38%) and women’s handball team (58.62%). The following parameters were determined: neck circumference, waist circumference, fat percentage and body mass index (BMI). Also, eating habits were assessed based on the four nutrition questionnaires results.

Results: A total of 12 students (41.37%) had values of neck circumference above the normal limit, of which 17.24% have an increased risk of overweight (all of them males) and 24.14% have an increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome (20.69% male and 3.45% female). Using Pearson correlation coefficient showed strong positive association between neck circumference, abdominal circumference and BMI respectively (r1=0.725 and r2=0.819) and a weak positive association between neck circumference and „Sodium/Salt Control Questionnaire” score, respectively between waist circumference and „Fat/Cholesterol Control Questionnaire” score (r3=0.301, r4=0.301). The association was absent between the two circumferences and the results of other nutrition questionnaires. Also, we obtained values of Pearson coefficient indicating a negative association between neck and waist circumference and the body fat percentage respectively (r5=–0.359 and r6=–0.108).

Conclusion: Most students had low scores on nutritional questionnaires: 68.96% of them had an unbalanced diet and 58.62% had a rich in fat (cholesterol) diet; almost half of them having an increased risk of metabolic syndrome and overweight. Neck circumference was positively correlated with BMI and negatively with body fat percentage, being absent in the case of nutrition questionnaires results.


References

1.
Ben-Noum L, Sohar E, Laor E. Neck circumference as a simple screening measure for identifying overweight and obese patients. Obesity Research. 2001;9:470-7.
2.
Ben-Noum L, Laor A. Relationship between changes in neck circumference and cardiovascular risk factors. Exp Clin Cardiol. 2006;11(1):14-20.
3.
Onat A, Hergenç G, Yüksel H, et al. Neck circumference as a measure of central obesity: Association with metabolic syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome beyond waist circumference. Clin Nutrition. 2009;28(1):46-51.
4.
Preis SR, Massaro JM, Hoffmann U, D'Agostino RB, et al. Neck circumference as a novel measure of cardiometabolic risk: The Framingham Heart Study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010;95(8):3701-10.