gms | German Medical Science

7th EFSMA – European Congress of Sports Medicine, 3rd Central European Congress of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Annual Assembly of the German and the Austrian Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Austrian Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

26.-29.10.2011, Salzburg, Austria

Three-dimensional control in stretching the hamstring muscle

Meeting Abstract

7th EFSMA – European Congress of Sports Medicine, 3rd Central European Congress of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Salzburg, 26.-29.10.2011. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2011. Doc11esm183

doi: 10.3205/11esm183, urn:nbn:de:0183-11esm1834

Published: October 24, 2011

© 2011 Szabó et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.



Objective: The limited elasticity and flexibility of the hamstring muscle often inhibits the performance of athletes. The stretching process of this tight and contractible muscle is a long and inconvenient process for the athlete. This can be reduced if the exercise is controlled in three dimensions.

Material/Methods: The author developed and patented the vertical plus sling suspension equipment. It is a new development since it enables complex exercises controlled in three dimensions, including vertical settings. The exercises developed for stretching the hamstring muscle demonstrates the benefits of the three-dimensional control.

Results: These exercises were used in the stretch-training of handball goal keepers, to improve their ability to defend the goal.

Conclusion: The controlled set of three-dimensional forces enlarges the diversity of the stretching, muscle strengthening, and coordination-improvement exercises. The equipment and the method offer new possibilities for prevention, wellness and fitness, as well as in the rehabilitation of athletes.


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