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7th EFSMA – European Congress of Sports Medicine, 3rd Central European Congress of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Annual Assembly of the German and the Austrian Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Austrian Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

26.-29.10.2011, Salzburg, Austria

Worrisome Prevalence of Waterpipe Smoking among Athletes

Meeting Abstract

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  • corresponding author presenting/speaker Babak Nakhostin-Roohi - Ardabil Branch- Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran
  • Somayeh Valizadeh - Ardabil Branch- Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran

7th EFSMA – European Congress of Sports Medicine, 3rd Central European Congress of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Salzburg, 26.-29.10.2011. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2011. Doc11esm142

DOI: 10.3205/11esm142, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-11esm1425

Published: October 24, 2011

© 2011 Nakhostin-Roohi et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.en). You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.


Outline

Text

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate prevalence of waterpipe smoking in athletes of Ardabil, a city in the northwest of Iran.

Material/Methods: The members of 16 sport associations (n=1647) selected randomly from 49 sport associations in this study. A cluster sampling technique was used. The sampling unit was sport association.

Results: Of the 1647 participants, 14.7% and 10.5% of athletes were habitual and recreational users respectively. 24.4% of non-smokers stated they were in the exposure of waterpipe smoke. The most habitual smokers were wrestlers (42.0%) whereas the most recreational users were swimmers (26.1%). Prevalence of waterpipe in futsall players were less than the others (non-smoker: 91.3% and habitual smoker: 0.0%). Just 36.8% of athletes believed waterpipe use affect their performance.

Conclusion: According the data knowledge of athletes about peril of this type of use is not sufficient and more of them would suffer from misunderstanding about hazards of waterpipe use. Knowledge promotion of athletes about waterpipe hazards and providing more recreational facilities may be a suitable manner to prevail this increasing phenomenon among athletes.


References

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Pirmack BA, Fertman CI, Rice KR, Adachi-Mejia AM, Fine MJ. Waterpipe and cigarette smoking college athletes in the United States. J Adolesc Health. 2010;46:45-51.
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Maziak W, Ward KD, Afifi Soweid RA, Eissenberg T. Tobacco smoking using a waterpipe: a re-emerging strain in aglobal epidemic. Tobacco Control. 2004;13:327-33.