gms | German Medical Science

7th EFSMA – European Congress of Sports Medicine, 3rd Central European Congress of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Annual Assembly of the German and the Austrian Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Austrian Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

26.-29.10.2011, Salzburg, Austria

Effects of aerobics and body-building programs in motor balance in elderly women

Meeting Abstract

Search Medline for

  • corresponding author presenting/speaker Nilton Cesar Ferst - Faculdade Dom Bosco, Curitiba, Brazil
  • author Oslei Matos - Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil
  • author Julio Cesar Bassan - Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil
  • Liane Moraes - Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil

7th EFSMA – European Congress of Sports Medicine, 3rd Central European Congress of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Salzburg, 26.-29.10.2011. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2011. Doc11esm123

DOI: 10.3205/11esm123, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-11esm1237

Published: October 24, 2011

© 2011 Ferst et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.en). You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.


Outline

Text

Objective: The aging for both men and women alike can compromise the central nervous system, preventing the processing of vestibular signals, visual and proprioceptive responsible for maintaining the body balance. This research represents the first evaluation of a longitudinal research project on women's health studies in postmenopausal and senile osteoporosis. To evaluate the effect of the practice of physical exercise programs in motor balance in postmenopausal women in the senile stage, through the application of specific protocols of aerobics and body-building

Material/Methods: Search for quasi-experimental clinical trial. Population: women being senile older than 60 years. Participants: 24 subjects of the research group exercise program for osteoporosis. For data analysis we used the Berg Balance Scale, two chairs, one with and one without support a bank to step stair climb, a ruler.

Data Analysis: Statistical Package 1 BM SPSS Statistic 18.0. Test of Shapiro-Wilk – Verification of normality of samples distribution; test t of measure dependant to analysis of result intra groups. The mean level adopted was pL0,05.

Results: The table to demonstrate as well had difference in the mean level (pL0,05) in comparison between medium value before and after the application of program to the both groups of aerobics (p=0,000) and body-building (p=0,012) (Table 1 [Tab. 1]).

To the both groups had elevated value in comparison between pré with pós-test, is that for the group of aerobics the medium values initial were 47,1 for 50,7, representing the variation 3,6 points or 7.6% on average among the subjects evaluated. To the group of body-building the initial values were 45 and the final 53,5 to the demonstrate the variation medium of values 8,5 ponto or showed in graphic 5 above.

Conclusion: In the EEB scores 45 points lower than predicted high risk of falls in elderly. In the group of aerobics in the mean score increased 47,1 for 50,7 points, this is a statistically significant difference (p=0,012). The test showed that the imbalance index was also greatly improved, in the group of body-building all test (8,10,11,13) had improve in 42,8% and in the group of aerobic the test of 10,14 had improve in 27% and the test 13 had improve 36,3%. Those values are corroborate for the study that defender the program of exercise has alteration in the motor balance.

Both groups obtained after the evaluation of exercise programs, is that the variation of Bodybuilding obtained average score in the EEB more significant than aerobic group, setting this way, both are indicated for the improvement of physical valence.


References

1.
Ruwer SL, Rossi AG, Simon L F. Equilíbrio no Idoso. Rev Bras Otorrinolaringol. 2005;71(3):298-303.
2.
Rezende DAP, Pereira WMP, Schmitt ACB, Pereira ECA, Aldrighi JM. Prevalência de quedas em mulheres após menopausa. Rev Bras Crescimento Desenvolvimento Hum. 2011;21(1):146-155.
3.
Figueiredo KMOB, Lima KC, Guerra RO. Instrumentos de Avaliação do Equilíbrio Corporal em Idosos. Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho Hum Florianópolis. 2007;9(4):408-413.
4.
Manzini ML, Zanella AL, Aidar FJ, Silva AMS, Salgueiro RS, Matos Dihogo G. Atividade física e envelhecimento humano: a busca pelo envelhecimento saudável. RBCEH, Passo Fundo. 2010;7(1):97-106.
5.
Almeida APPV, Veras RP, Doimo LA. Avaliação do equilíbrio estático e dinâmico de idosas praticantes de hidroginástica e ginástica. Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho Hum Florianópolis. 2010;12(1):55-61.