gms | German Medical Science

102. Jahrestagung der DOG

Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft e. V.

23. bis 26.09.2004, Berlin

Is dry eye iatrogenic or civilization disease?

Meeting Abstract

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  • corresponding author P. Vassileva - University Hospital "St. Anna", Sofia, Bulgaria
  • I. Shandurkov - University Hospital "St. Anna", Sofia, Bulgaria

Evidenzbasierte Medizin - Anspruch und Wirklichkeit. 102. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft. Berlin, 23.-26.09.2004. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2004. Doc04dogFR.13.02

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Published: September 22, 2004

© 2004 Vassileva et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.




The dry eye is a condition associated with decreased production or increased evaporation of tears.The disease can be result of ocular or systemic disorder. Very often it is a consequence of systemic or topical treatement.


Clinical epidemiogical study and population based analysis were conducted with the use of several diagnostic methods.


67% of people seeking eye care in an outpatient office (for a period of 18 months) have any tear insuficiency. Sceening study for general population demonstrates dry eye prevalence of 11%. The diagnostic value of applied questionaire is compared with data of objective eye exam. An attempt to grade the severity of the condition as a result of this combined approach was performed. The role of environmental factors and systemic medication use was analyzed.


Our observations emphasize the clinical importance of this widely distributed condition. The dry eye exam should be included in diagnostic evaluation of different red eye conditions and management of wide spectrum of ocular surface diseases.