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57th Annual Meeting of the German Society for Neuropathology and Neuroanatomy (DGNN)

German Society for Neuropathology and Neuroanatomy

12. - 15.09.2012, Erlangen

57th Annual Meeting of the German Society for Neuropathology and Neuroanatomy (DGNN)

Constitutive activation of Wnt signaling in neural progenitors results in disrupted proliferation and migration of neurons within in the cerebral and cerebellar cortex

Meeting Abstract

  • presenting/speaker Julia Pöschl - Zentrum für Neuropathologie, München, Germany
  • Daniel Grammel - Zentrum für Neuropathologie, München, Germany
  • Mario Dorostkar - Zentrum für Neuropathologie, München, Germany; Deutsches Zentrum für Neurodegenrative Erkrankungen, München, Germany
  • Hans Kretzschmar - Zentrum für Neuropathologie, München, Germany
  • Ulrich Schüller - Zentrum für Neuropathologie, München, Germany

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neuropathologie und Neuroanatomie. 57th Annual Meeting of the German Society for Neuropathology and Neuroanatomy (DGNN). Erlangen, 12.-15.09.2012. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2012. Doc12dgnnPP3.3

DOI: 10.3205/12dgnn047, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-12dgnn0478

Published: September 11, 2012

© 2012 Pöschl et al.
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Outline

Text

Wnt signaling is known to play crucial roles in the development of multiple organs as well as in cancer. In particular, constitutive activation of Wnt signaling in distinct populations of forebrain or brainstem precursor cells had previously been shown to result in dramatic brain enlargement during embryonic stages of development as well as in the formation of medulloblastoma, a malignant brain tumor in childhood. In order to extend this knowledge to postnatal stages of both cerebral and cerebellar cortex development, we conditionally activated Wnt signaling in hGFAP-positive neural precursors. Respective hGFAP-cre::Ctnnb1(ex3)Fl/+ mice lived up to 21 days. While such mice revealed enlarged ventricles and an initial expansion of the Pax6-positive ventricular zone, Pax6 expression and proliferative activity in the ventricular zone was virtually lost by embryonic day 16.5. Loss of Pax6 expression was not followed by expression of the subventricular zone marker Tbr2, indicating insufficient neuronal differentiation. In support of this finding, cortical thickness was severely diminished in all analyzed stages from embryonic day 14.5 to postnatal day 12, and appropriate layering was not detectable. Similarly, cerebella of hGFAP-cre::Ctnnb1(ex3)Fl/+ mice were hypoplastic and displayed severe lamination defects. Constitutive Wnt signaling induced inappropriate proliferation of granule neurons and inadequate development of Bergmann glia, thereby preventing regular migration of granule cells and normal cortical layering. We conclude that Wnt signaling has divergent roles in the central nervous system and that Wnt needs to be tightly controlled in a time- and cell type-specific manner.