gms | German Medical Science

63rd Annual Meeting of the German Society of Neurosurgery (DGNC)
Joint Meeting with the Japanese Neurosurgical Society (JNS)

German Society of Neurosurgery (DGNC)

13 - 16 June 2012, Leipzig

Non-fluorescence confocal laserendomicroscopy in neurosurgery: an intraoperative tool for tumor classification and resection control?

Meeting Abstract

  • B. Carl - Klinik für Neurochirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Marburg
  • J. Schodrowski - Klinik für Neurochirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Marburg
  • M.J. Hofer - Institut für Neuropathologie, Universitätsklinikum Marburg
  • C. Kappus - Klinik für Neurochirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Marburg
  • C. Nimsky - Klinik für Neurochirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Marburg

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. Japanische Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. 63. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC), Joint Meeting mit der Japanischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (JNS). Leipzig, 13.-16.06.2012. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2012. DocP 083

DOI: 10.3205/12dgnc470, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-12dgnc4705

Published: June 4, 2012

© 2012 Carl et al.
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Outline

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Objective: To establish an intraoperative technique to differentiate between tumor and healthy tissue we used confocal laserendomicroscopy (CLEM) without fluorescence in tumor samples of patients. In addition confocal laserendomicroscopy was performed in murine cerebrum and cerebellum to show typical architecture.

Methods: Tumor samples of 11 patients with glioblastoma, 12 patients with meningeoma, 3 patients with metastases and 1 patient with hippocampus sclerosis were examined. Before samples were analysed by conventional histopathology CLEM was used to examine tumor samples ex vivo but immediately after resection. At least 100 images of each sample were collected with a lateral resolution of 2 μm and a field of view of 400 μm x 400 μm. CLEM and histological images of each tumor were collated. CLEM was also performed on fresh mouse brain. Images of cerebral cortex, white matter, corpus callosum and cerebellum were collected and compared with conventional histological images.

Results: In patients with glioblastoma and metastases normal brain tissue, infiltration zone, vital tumor cells and necrosis were detected reproducible using CLEM. WHO criteria, such as cell density, microvascular proliferation and necrosis could be visualized. A differentiation of metastases vs. glioblastoma was problematic but the differentiation to normal brain tissue was obvious. Collagen patterns, calcifications and/or psammoma bodies were represented consistently in meningeoma and correlated to conventional histopathology. Images of murine cerebellum showed typical features such as molecular layer, Purkinje cell layer and granule cell layer. Neural tracts in corpus callosum and white matter as well as typical aspects of cortex were identified.

Conclusions: Non-fluorescence CLEM facilitates a distinction of brain structures as well as tumor tissues. Thus it is possible to detect infiltrative brain tumor margins and characteristics like cell density during surgery. Since no contrast media (fluorescence) is required using this technique in vivo is very easy. It may help to get intraoperative rapid section diagnosis more simply and to make a decision about operative strategies just as to make sure all pathological tissue is removed.