gms | German Medical Science

63rd Annual Meeting of the German Society of Neurosurgery (DGNC)
Joint Meeting with the Japanese Neurosurgical Society (JNS)

German Society of Neurosurgery (DGNC)

13 - 16 June 2012, Leipzig

mTOR as a new therapeutic target in meningiomas – expression analysis and inhibition of cell growth

Meeting Abstract

  • J. Walter - Department of Neurosurgery, Jena University Hospital, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany
  • S. Grube - Department of Neurosurgery, Jena University Hospital, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany
  • A. Koch - Department of Neuropathology, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany
  • D. Freitag - Department of Neurosurgery, Jena University Hospital, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany
  • R. Kalff - Department of Neurosurgery, Jena University Hospital, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany
  • C. Ewald - Department of Neurosurgery, Jena University Hospital, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. Japanische Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. 63. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC), Joint Meeting mit der Japanischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (JNS). Leipzig, 13.-16.06.2012. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2012. DocSA.01.09

DOI: 10.3205/12dgnc307, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-12dgnc3071

Published: June 4, 2012

© 2012 Walter et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.en). You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.


Outline

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Objective: The protein kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is known to play an important role in the regulation of cell growth and has been evaluated as a target for the treatment of a variety of tumors. Increasing evidence even suggests its involvement in glioma cell survival, but to date little is known about mTOR in more benign tumor diseases like meningiomas.

Methods: Primary meningioma cells cultured from human meningiomas (WHO grade I-III) and the permanent meningioma cell lines BenMen 1, and HBL 52 were evaluated using immunofluorescence (IF), real time PCR, and Western blot analysis for expression of mTOR and its phosphorylated active isoform p-mTOR. Dose-response-curves were compiled with the inhibitors Everolimus and Temsirolimus to determine the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) for both meningioma cell lines. The inhibition of meningioma cell growth by the specific mTOR inhibitors Everolimus (20 μM, 40 μM) and Temsirolimus (25 μM, 50 μM) was further assessed using proliferation and viability assays on primary meningioma cultures over 24–72 hours.

Results: IF demonstrated the presence of mTOR and p-mTOR in the vast majority of all primary meningioma cells with a strong cytoplasmic and mostly weak nuclear distribution. Furthermore IF showed a clear positivity for mTOR and p-mTOR in BenMen 1 and HBL 52 meningioma cell lines. These findings were supported by positive immunoblotting and real time PCR. The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) for Everolimus in both meningioma cell lines averages 45.5 μM and for Temsirolimus 57.4 μM. Depending on these results meningioma cell growth inhibition by Everolimus and Temsirolimus in their highest concentration was demonstrated for different primary cell lines by a significantly decreased cell viability (MTT assay) and cell proliferation (BrdU incorporation) after 72 h.

Conclusions: These recent data show that mTOR and p-mTOR are expressed in human meningiomas. In vitro, meningioma cell growth can effectively be inhibited by the specific mTOR inhibitors Everolimus and Temsirolimus.