gms | German Medical Science

63rd Annual Meeting of the German Society of Neurosurgery (DGNC)
Joint Meeting with the Japanese Neurosurgical Society (JNS)

German Society of Neurosurgery (DGNC)

13 - 16 June 2012, Leipzig

Clinical and radiological outcome of 67 patients with cervical myelopathy following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with stand-alone PEEK cages without osteogenic filling substance

Meeting Abstract

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  • E. Shiban - Neurochirurgische Klinik und Poliklinik, Technische Universität München
  • H. Pape - Neurochirurgische Klinik und Poliklinik, Technische Universität München
  • B. Meyer - Neurochirurgische Klinik und Poliklinik, Technische Universität München
  • J. Lehmberg - Neurochirurgische Klinik und Poliklinik, Technische Universität München

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. Japanische Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. 63. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC), Joint Meeting mit der Japanischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (JNS). Leipzig, 13.-16.06.2012. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2012. DocFR.03.04

DOI: 10.3205/12dgnc190, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-12dgnc1900

Published: June 4, 2012

© 2012 Shiban et al.
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Outline

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Objective: To evaluate long-term results after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with stand-alone PEEK cages without osteogenic filling substance in patients with cervical myelopathy.

Methods: We performed a retrospective review of patients presenting with spondylotic cervical myelopathy und underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with stand-alone PEEK cages without Osteogenic Filling Substance between 2007 and 2010 and had a minimum follow-up of 12 months. Radiographic follow-up included static and flexion/extension radiographs. Changes in the operated segments were measured and compared to radiographs directly after surgery. Clinical outcome was evaluated by a physical exam, pain VAS and the EuroQOL questionnaire (EQ-5D).

Results: 67 patients were found. The mean age at presentation was 68 years, 30 patients were male (44%). 31, 27 and 9 patients had one- two- and three-level surgeries, respectively. 46 (68%) patients presented with pain. Mild, moderate and severe myelopathy was observed in 49 (73%), 11 (12%) and 7 (10%), respectively. Fusion was achieved in 30/31 (97%), 52/54 (96%), and 100% levels in one-, two-, and three-level surgeries, respectively. Subsidence into the vertebral bodies of > 3 mm in one-, > 5 mm in two-, and > 7 mm in three-level surgery was observed in 22%, 18% and 14%, respectively. The alignment of the whole cervical spine worsened in 6 (18%), 6 (22%) and 4 (57%) in one two and three level surgeries, respectively (according to the Katsuura and Laing methods). From the 46 patients presenting with pain, pain resolved or improved in 39 (84%) cases. Mean VAS declined from 5.6 to 2, 5.2 to 2.4 and 5 to 1.25 in one-, two-, and three-level surgeries, respectively. Myelopathy improved in 43 patients (64%). Improvement or stability was observed in all dimensions of the EQ-5D in all surgery groups except for the dimension "Mobility" in the three level surgery group.

Conclusions: One and two level ACDF with stand-alone PEEK cages without plates or the use of osteogenic filling substance achieved high fusion rates, high rate of alignment stability, and rare segmental instability. The rate of clinical improvement is satisfying. For three or more level ACDF the use of ventral plating is recommended to avoid cervical misalignment.