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61st Annual Meeting of the German Society of Neurosurgery (DGNC) as part of the Neurowoche 2010
Joint Meeting with the Brazilian Society of Neurosurgery on the 20 September 2010

German Society of Neurosurgery (DGNC)

21 - 25 September 2010, Mannheim

Persistent hypocortisolism in Cushing’s disease and persistent comorbidities in acromegaly determine neurocognitive function and quality of life after surgical treatment

Meeting Abstract

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  • Tsambika Psaras - Department of Neurosurgery, University of Tuebingen, Germany
  • Juergen Honegger - Department of Neurosurgery, University of Tuebingen, Germany
  • Monika Milian - Department of Neurosurgery, University of Tuebingen, Germany

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. 61. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC) im Rahmen der Neurowoche 2010. Mannheim, 21.-25.09.2010. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2010. DocV1693

DOI: 10.3205/10dgnc164, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-10dgnc1646

Published: September 16, 2010

© 2010 Psaras et al.
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Outline

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Objective: Cushing’s disease (CD) and acromegaly (AC) are associated with psychological and psychiatric problems. Both pathologies cause a severe impairment in quality of life (QoL) that can persist even if biochemical remission and cure are achieved. The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of the current disease status (remission vs. no remission) on neurocognitive function and QoL in treated CD and AC patients. The second objective was to determine predictive factors (e.g. demographic, clinical, neurosurgical, endocrinological) that determine postoperative neuropsychological function and QoL

Methods: 25 CD and 37 AC patients underwent neuropsychological testing. The SF-36, SCL-90-R and AcroQoL questionnaires were applied to assess QoL. CD patients underwent a dexamethasone-suppression-test, IGF-1 levels were assessed in AC patients to determine the current disease status. The results were compared with 28 sex-, education- and age-matched healthy controls (HC).

Results: Limitations in QoL evaluated for both pathologies compared to the HC were more pronounced than neurocognitive decrease. This finding was independent of the current status of disease (remission vs. no remission). Regression analyses revealed age at operation and comorbidities to predict postoperative outcome in AC, while persistent hypocortisolism and the amount of operations are best associated with neurocognition and QoL in CD.

Conclusions: In both pathologies, the current status of disease does not play the major role in postoperative outcome. A possible explanation might be the considerably improved endocrinopathy after treatment, even if no actual cure is achieved. Obviously, this leads to an assimilation of disease status and perceived QoL.