gms | German Medical Science

57th Annual Meeting of the German Society of Neurosurgery
Joint Meeting with the Japanese Neurosurgical Society

German Society of Neurosurgery (DGNC)

11 - 14 May, Essen

Endothelial ephrinB2/EphB4 signaling controls permeability of glioma blood vessels

EphrinB2/EphB4 abhängige Signaltransduktion im Endothel bestimmt die Permeabilität von Blutgefässen im Gliom

Meeting Abstract

  • corresponding author R. Erber - Department of Neurosurgery, Mannheim
  • U. Eichelsbacher - Max-Planck-Institute for Biochemistry, Martinsried
  • V. Powajbo - Department of Neurosurgery, Mannheim
  • T. Korn - Department of Neurosurgery, Mannheim
  • V. Djonov - Institute of Anatomy, Bern/CH
  • A. Ullrich - Max-Planck-Institute for Biochemistry, Martinsried
  • P. Vajkoczy - Department of Neurosurgery, Mannheim

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. Japanische Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. 57. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e.V. (DGNC), Joint Meeting mit der Japanischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. Essen, 11.-14.05.2006. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2006. DocP 05.63

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Published: May 8, 2006

© 2006 Erber et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.



Objective: The receptor tyrosine kinase EphB4 and its ligand ephrinB2 have been suggested to be critical for vascular development. Recently, we have demonstrated that both molecules are expressed within glioma blood vessels. The objective of this study was to address the role of ephrinB2/EphB4 signaling in the regulation of glioma blood vessel permeability.

Methods: To study their role in the regulation of tumor blood vessel permeability, the EphB4 wild type receptor (EphB4wt) and a signaling defective dominant-negative mutant form of EphB4 (EphB4dn) were overexpressed specifically in blood vessels of glioma xenografts using a retroviral approach. Expression of the empty control vector served as control (pLXSN).

Results: Intravital fluorescence microscopy revealed a 20-30% decrease in tumor blood vessel permeability in EphB4wt and EphB4dn transfected vessels. As a potential mechanism RT-PCR demonstrated an increased expression of the vessel stabilizing factor Ang-1 in both groups. In parallel its endothelial receptor Tie2 was characterized by increased phopshorylation and activation levels. In situ hybridization identified pericytes as the source of Ang-1. To gain more insight into the cellular consequences of Ang-1/Tie2 activation, electron microscopic studies of glioma blood vessels were performed. These studies demonstrated a sealing and stabilization of glioma blood vessel via a tight assembly of pericytes to the endothelium.

Conclusions: EphB4 signaling reduces the permeability of glioma blood vessels through a link to the Ang-1/Tie2 system, independently of the EphB4 kinase domain. Intervention with this molecule may provide novel opportunities for the development of anti-glioma strategies.