gms | German Medical Science

GMS Current Posters in Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hals-, Nasen-, Ohrenheilkunde, Kopf- und Halschirurgie e.V. (DGHNOKHC)

ISSN 1865-1038

Neuromonitoring of the laryngeal recurrent nerve during supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidopexy

Poster

  • corresponding author Dimitar Pazardzhikliev - HNO klinik Medizinische Universitat Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgarien
  • Ilia Yovchev - HNO klinik Medizinische Universitat Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgarien
  • Karen Dzhambazov - HNO klinik Medizinische Universitat Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgarien

GMS Curr Posters Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2006;2:Doc058

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at: http://www.egms.de/en/journals/cpo/2006-2/cpo000162.shtml

Published: April 24, 2006

© 2006 Pazardzhikliev et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.en). You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.


Outline

Abstract

Introduction: The preservation of a functional crycoarythenoid unit during supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidopexy is of foremost importance for the fulfilment of the phonatory and protective functions of the neolarynx. Thus the sparing or the recurrent nerve during surgery is of paramount significance.

Materials and Methods: The laryngeal recurrent nerve was identified and exposed with the help of Neurosign 100 in 15 patients undergoing supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidopexy. Following removal of the surgical specimen the integrity of the cricoarythenoid unit was confirmed by stimulation of the recurrent nerve with 1mV. The same was achieved postoperatively by means of 700 rigid videoendoscopy.

Results: In all cases the recurrent nerve could be identified, presented and spared intraoperatively. We did not observe any case with immobile arythenoid. Patients could be decanulated and put on oral feeding in one month time.

Conclusion: The cautious disarticulation of the cricothyroid joint complemented with monitoring of the laryngeal recurrent nerve guarantees sparing of the crycoarythenoid joint inervation, which is of enormous significance for the proper function of the neolarynx. Intraoperative confirmation of the preserved innervation of the cricoarythenoid unit allows us to distinguish between paralysis and ankylosis of the joint.

Keywords: supracricoid laryngectomy, recurrent nerve, neuromonitoring