gms | German Medical Science

54. Jahrestagung der Norddeutschen Orthopädenvereinigung e. V.

Norddeutsche Orthopädenvereinigung

16.06. bis 18.06.2005, Hamburg

MIS-total knee arthroplasty : take-home-messages from a fellow

Meeting Abstract

Suche in Medline nach

  • corresponding author J. Ohnsorge - Orthopaedische Universitaetsklinik, Rheinisch-Westfaelische Technische Hochschule Aachen, Aachen
  • R. Laskin - New York

Norddeutsche Orthopädenvereinigung. 54. Jahrestagung der Norddeutschen Orthopädenvereinigung e.V.. Hamburg, 16.-18.06.2005. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2005. Doc05novK5.06

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/nov2005/05nov017.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 13. Juni 2005

© 2005 Ohnsorge et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielf&aauml;ltigt, verbreitet und &oauml;ffentlich zug&aauml;nglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Introduction

Traditionally total knee replacement has been performed through a long anterior incision that not only affects aesthetics but chiefly inflicts significant trauma to the soft-tissues. The standard capsular incision disrupts the suprapatellar pouch. Moreover, everting the patella and forcing the knee into hyperflexion derogates the extensor-mechanism. These important provisos of the conventional method are overcome by the new minimal-invasive technique. However, some surgeons report deception not gaining sufficient exposure and compromising their results. Technical tips and tricks can be helpful.

Materials and Methods

Based on the experience of over 250 total knee replacements done through a mini-midvastus approach the senior author developed an algorithm to facilitate the surgical procedure, to optimize the exposure and to minimize the amount of soft-tissue trauma.

Results

Less pain, easy recuperation and rapid return of flexion were the immediate results after MIS knee replacement. The total amount of morphine sulphate equivalents used and VAS-pain levels were significantly lower compared to the standard procedure group. Flexion was significantly better during the first days after operation and after six weeks as were knee scores. There was no difference in the excellent alignment and position of the components in both groups and all knees were stable.

Discussion

Using the new technique and respecting the premise of minimal trauma to the soft-tissues rehabilitation and function in the first weeks after knee surgery can be significantly improved. Yet, to fully benefit from MIS certain provisos should be known and some practical recommendations should be taken into consideration.