gms | German Medical Science

10. Kongress für Infektionskrankheiten und Tropenmedizin (KIT 2010)

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Infektiologie,
Deutsche AIDS-Gesellschaft,
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Tropenmedizin und Internationale Gesundheit,
Paul-Ehrlich-Gesellschaft für Chemotherapie

23.06. - 26.06.2010, Köln

Epidemiology of urinary schistosomiasis and risk factors for infection in Osun State, Nigeria

Epidemiologie der Blasenbilharziose und Risikofaktoren für Infektion in Osun State, Nigeria

Meeting Abstract

  • U.S. Ugbomoiko - Department of Zoology, University of Ilorin, Nigeria
  • I.C. Okoye - Department of Zoology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
  • I.E. Ofoezie - Institute of Ecology and Environmental Studies, University of Ile-Ife, Nigeria
  • O.J. Sunday - Department of Zoology, University of Ilorin, Nigeria
  • Y.K. Danladi - Department of Zoology, University of Ilorin, Nigeria
  • J. Heukelbach - School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Brazil

10. Kongress für Infektionskrankheiten und Tropenmedizin (KIT 2010). Köln, 23.-26.06.2010. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2010. DocP90

DOI: 10.3205/10kit145, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-10kit1453

Veröffentlicht: 2. Juni 2010

© 2010 Ugbomoiko et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielfältigt, verbreitet und öffentlich zugänglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Objectives: Urinary schistosomiasis has remained unabated in many resource-poor communities in Nigeria. The objective of the present study was to describe the epidemiological situation of the disease, and to provide data for the elaboration of sustainable control measures.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess the prevalence, intensity and risk factors for Schistosoma haematobium infection in endemic rural communities in Osun State, Nigeria. Parasitological urine examination was performed, and a total of 1,023 respondents were interviewed regarding socio-demographic and economic characteristics and knowledge, using a pre-tested structured questionnaire.

Results: Six hundred and thirty (61.8%, 95% confidence interval: 58.9–64.9) participants were infected (mean egg count: 114.2±327.7 per 10mL urine). Infection was more common in males than in females (67.2% vs. 56.1%), while children 10-14 years had the highest prevalence (83.6%) and intensity of infection (196.3±411.7). The majority (70.0%) of respondents had no knowledge of disease transmission. In multivariate logistic analysis, schistosomiasis was associated with low educational level of respondents (adjusted OR=4.17; 2.5–7.14), low parental income (3.49; 2.19–5.57), number of playmates of 10–15 years/household (1.62; 1.25–2.09), and short distance of river from residence (1.37; 1.00–1.90).

Conclusions: Urinary schistosomiasis is highly endemic in rural Nigeria and associated with poverty. Adequate and culturally sensitive health education is needed to reduce transmission in endemic communities.