gms | German Medical Science

83. Jahresversammlung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e. V.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e. V.

16.05. - 20.05.2012, Mainz

Multi-Level Surgery in obstructive sleep apnea – First results of a new therapy algorithm

Meeting Abstract

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  • corresponding author Christian Jost - ENT Head an Neck Surgery Hamburg Harburg, Hamburg, Germany
  • Thomas Verse - ENT Head an Neck Surgery Hamburg Harburg, Hamburg, Germany
  • Kerstin Rohde - ENT Head an Neck Surgery Hamburg Harburg, Hamburg, Germany

German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. 83rd Annual Meeting of the German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. Mainz, 16.-20.05.2012. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2012. Doc12hno63

DOI: 10.3205/12hno63, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-12hno636

Veröffentlicht: 23. Juli 2012

© 2012 Jost et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielfältigt, verbreitet und öffentlich zugänglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Contrary to our previous operative algorithm to treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) we nowadays modified the algorithm from using a fix combination of operation techniques to selecting the different components of a multi-level-surgery (MLS) concept according to an algorithm based on the severity of OSA, the clinical examination of the patient awake and in sleep endoscopy.

Aim of the study was to review the results of this new therapy algorithm.

Patients and Method: Patient data of 72 patients with OSA were included in the study. In 42 patients we found completed data pre- and postoperative. We examined a visual scale of the intensity of snoring, a questionnaire about daytime sleepiness (Epworth sleepiness-scale (ESS)) and the dataset of the pre- and postoperative polysomnografie.

Results: The Apnea-Hypopnea-Index (AHI) for the whole group was reduced from 25.3±16.6 to 8.5±7.6. Included were 17 patients with mild OSA (AHI under 20), 19 patients with intermediate OSA (AHI<40) and 6 patients with severe OSA (AHI>40). The subgroups were analysed separately.

Each group showed a reduction in AHI and oxygen desaturation index (ODI). In patients with intermediate and severe OSA the reduction was statistically significant (p<0.05).

Surgical Sucess rates according to Sher criteria showed a sucess rate in patients with mild OSA in 47%, in patients with intermediate OSA in 84% and patients with severe OSA even showed a sucess rate of 100%. All three subgroups presented with a statistical significant reduction of daytime sleepiness (ESS) and the intensity of the snoring. Body-mass-index (BMI) was pre- as postoperative 28 kg/m2 (SD±3).

Discussion:The spectrum of different components of MLS range from minimal invasive techniques to very invasive operative procedures. The selection of patients and their individual procedure can be achieved by the anatomical findings awake and in sleep endoscopy. Even in patients with severe OSA, the postoperative results can be excellent when selected carefully. The algorithm for mild OSA should be revised critically.