gms | German Medical Science

79. Jahresversammlung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e. V.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e. V.

30.04. - 04.05.2008, Bonn

Histopathology of the tonsils after RFITT

Meeting Abstract

  • corresponding author Jan Plzak - ENT Dep., 1st Fac. Med., Charles Univ., Prague, Czech Republic
  • Jan Kastner - ENT Dep., 1st Fac. Med., Charles Univ., Prague, Czech Republic
  • Michal Zabrodsky - ENT Dep., 1st Fac. Med., Charles Univ., Prague, Czech Republic
  • Pavla Macokova - ENT Dep., 2nd Fac. Med., Charles Univ., Prague, Czech Republic
  • Jaromir Astl - ENT Dep., 1st Fac. Med., Charles Univ., Prague, Czech Republic
  • Jan Betka - ENT Dep., 1st Fac. Med., Charles Univ., Prague, Czech Republic

German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. 79th Annual Meeting of the German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. Bonn, 30.04.-04.05.2008. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2008. Doc08hno25

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/hno2008/08hno25.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 8. Juli 2008

© 2008 Plzak et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielf&aauml;ltigt, verbreitet und &oauml;ffentlich zug&aauml;nglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Different surgical techniques are used to treat hypertrophy of the palatal tonsils. One of recently very popular surgical methods preserving the tonsillar capsule and partially lymphoid tissue is Radiofrequency Induced Thermo Therapy (RFITT). So far there is very limited information on morphologic or functional changes in the human tonsil after RFITT. Hence we collected tonsillectomy specimens after RFITT and performed histopathological examination comparing these cases to standard tonsillectomy ones.

We treated 38 patients (12 males and 26 females; median age, 23 years; age range 12–40 years) by RFITT of the tonsils from December 2005 till October 2007. Three patients with an insufficient volume reduction (measured by 3D ultrasound) as well as poor subjective assessment subsequently underwent traditional cold-steel bilateral tonsillectomy under general anesthesia. Profound histopathological examination was performed to determine the effect of RFITT on tonsillar architecture.

The average volume reduction of the tonsil in all treated patients was 38%. Only three female patients were recommended for subsequent standard tonsillectomy. Their tonsillar volume reduction were 12% on the left side and 17% on the right side for the case No. 1, 6% and 19% for the case No. 2, and 0% and 9% for the case No. 3. Histopathological examination was analogical in all tonsillectomy specimens. The tonsillar epithelium preserved a normal structure of the multilayer squamous epithelium. Submucosally there were no signs of increased fibrosis corresponding to the scarification. Architecture of the lymphoid germinal centers was also normal.

No morphological changes in tonsillectomy specimens after RFITT sustain the assumption of no functional adverse changes after this kind of surgery.