gms | German Medical Science

79. Jahresversammlung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e. V.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e. V.

30.04. - 04.05.2008, Bonn

The assessment of noise induced hearing loss: Can modern procedures for the measurement of speech intelligibility replace the Freiburg speech test?

Meeting Abstract

German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. 79th Annual Meeting of the German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. Bonn, 30.04.-04.05.2008. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2008. Doc08hno11

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/hno2008/08hno11.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 8. Juli 2008

© 2008 Sukowski et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielf&aauml;ltigt, verbreitet und &oauml;ffentlich zug&aauml;nglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

In Germany, in the guidelines to assess a hearing loss caused by noise at work [3], the Freiburg speech test [2] is recommended for the measurement of speech intelligibility in silence. During the last decades there had been some modifications concerning the procedures to determine the percentage hearing loss based on the speech audiogram. The Freiburg speech test, however, stayed as the recommended test, irrespective of many critical objections (e.g. differences in difficulty of the lists).

The monosyllabic rhyme test by von Wallenberg und Kollmeier [5] in its short version [1] and the Göttingen sentence test [4] are more modern test procedures to measure speech intelligibility. These tests are well evaluated and all lists have the same difficulty. Various studies were carried out to compare these tests with the Freiburg speech test, based on the question, whether they can replace the old test in hearing loss assessment. Concerning the monosyllabic tests, a comparison of the results from both procedures at several presentation levels was performed. In addition, the effects of presentation form (with/without a carrier sentence) and response format (with/without response alternatives) were investigated.

Up to now all comparisons have demonstrated that the modern speech tests can be used as alternatives in hearing loss assessment. Merely simple modifications concerning the presentation levels (reduction of 15 dB when using the rhyme test) have to be taken into account. In future investigations a verification of the feasibility of the recommended modifications in the “everyday” assessment setting is needed.

Supported by MWK “Audiologie-Initiative Niedersachsen”, V2.22 04032


References

1.
Brand T, Wagener K. Wie lässt sich die maximal erreichbare Verständlichkeit optimal bestimmen? In: 8. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Audiologie, Göttingen, 24.-26.2.2005. CD-ROM; 2005.
2.
Hahlbrock KH. Über Sprachaudiometrie und neue Wörterteste. Arch Ohren Nasen Kehlkopfheilkd. 1953;162:394-431.
3.
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften (ed.). Königsteiner Merkblatt. Empfehlungen des Hauptverbandes der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften für die Begutachtung der beruflichen Lärmschwerhörigkeit. 4. Aufl. St. Augustin; 1996.
4.
Kollmeier B, Wesselkamp M. Development and evaluation of a German sentence test for objective and subjective speech intelligibility assessment. J Acoust Soc Am. 1997;102:2412-21.
5.
Wallenberg EL von, Kollmeier B. Sprachverständlichkeitsmessungen für die Audiologie mit einem Reimtest in deutscher Sprache: Erstellung und Evaluation von Testlisten. Audiol Akustik. 1989;28:50-65