gms | German Medical Science

77. Jahresversammlung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e. V.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e. V.

24.05. - 28.05.2006, Mannheim

Spectrometric Measurements in Laryngeal Cancer

Spektrometrische Untersuchungen bei Larynxkarzinom

Meeting Abstract

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German Society of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. 77th Annual Meeting of the German Society of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. Mannheim, 24.-28.05.2006. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2006. Doc06hno062

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/hno2006/06hno062.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 7. September 2006

© 2006 Arens et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielf&aauml;ltigt, verbreitet und &oauml;ffentlich zug&aauml;nglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Background: Only early diagnosis of laryngeal cancer can prevent major or mutilating treatment. Recently, autofluorescence endoscopy has been developed to enhance endoscopic information and succeeded in facilitating the detection and demarcation of precancerous lesions, carcinoma in situ and cancer of the larynx.

The aim of the present study is to quantify autofluorescence imaging by spectroscopy in order to validate the above mentioned findings.

Material and methods: In a prospective study, 42 patients with suspected one-sided precancerous or cancerous lesions of the vocal folds were investigated during microlaryngoscopy. Autofluorescence (AF) was induced by filtered blue light (375 – 440 nm) of a xenon short arc lamp and processed by a CCD camera system (D-light AF System, STORZ, Germany). Autofluorescence images were gathered in a contact mode. For spectrometric measurements an optical multi channel analyser (AVS-USB 2000, Avantes, The Netherlands) was applied. The results were compared to pathohistological findings.

Results: Under blue light excitation normal mucosa presented a bright green fluorescence. Intensity increased from the ventricular folds to the subglottic area. Averaged spectra of the normal laryngeal mucosa demonstrated different fluorescence maxima at 475, 515, 550, 600 and 630 nm. Highest intensity was measured at 515 nm explaining the green appearance of the autofluorescence picture. In contrast, precancerous as well as cancerous lesions showed a significant decrease in autofluorescence intensity with a reddish-violet color. Highest loss of autofluorescence intensity was measured at 515 nm. At this wave length intensity dropped 70% on average in comparison to the regularly appearing contralateral vocal fold. In contrast to 515 nm, the loss of intensity at 630 nm amounted to 38%. Sensitivity amounted to 97% and specificity to 82%.

Conclusion: Comparable to autofluorescence endoscopy a differentiation between precancerous and cancerous lesions could not be detected. The reason for the loss of autofluorescence may predominantly be caused by mucosal thickening but also by changes in metabolism and higher nuclei density.