gms | German Medical Science

76. Jahresversammlung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e. V.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e. V.

04.05. - 08.05.2005, Erfurt

Osseointegration of titanium implants coated with immobilized recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in the petrous bone of rabbits

Meeting Abstract

  • corresponding author Andreas Neumann - Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen
  • Maria Chatzikolaidou - Dept. of Physological Chemistry, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen
  • Claus Unkel - Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen
  • Simon Bast - Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen
  • Herbert P. Jennissen - Dept. of Physological Chemistry, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen
  • Jahnke Klaus - Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie. 76. Jahresversammlung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e.V.. Erfurt, 04.-08.05.2005. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2005. Doc05hno610

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/hno2005/05hno100.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 22. September 2005

© 2005 Neumann et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielf&aauml;ltigt, verbreitet und &oauml;ffentlich zug&aauml;nglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Objective: Bone morphogentic proteins (BMPs) belong to the group of transforming growth factor (TGF-β) proteins and were shown to have numerous biological effects of which the osteoinductive ability is the most outstanding. By means of surface modification it has recently become possible to immobilize rhBMP-2 on implant sufaces. As only few publications deal with rhBMP-2 effects in otology the present study aims to evaluate both BMP effects and BMP-“coating” of titanium implants in the woven petrous bone.

Material and Methods: A total of 36 titanium cylindrical dumb-bell shaped implants were manufactured containing equivalent composites as used for ossicular replacement prothesis. Subsequent to creating ultrahydrophilic, bioadhesiv surfaces, one third of the implants was used for immobilization of rhBMP-2. In 18 rabbits one titanium sample each was implanted in both tympanic bullae comparing the groups of immobilized rhBMP-2 vs. rhBMP-2-free, soluble rhBMP-2 vs. rhBMP-2-free and immobilized vs. soluble rhBMP-2. The formation of new bone in this gap healing model was observed by microradiographic and histomorphometric analysis.

Results: A significant amount of new bone contacting the surface of the implants was detected in the gap given by the shape of the implants. Bone formation was enhanced both in the immobilized and soluble rhBMP-2-group compared to the control groups.

Conclusion: It was shown for the first time that rhBMP-2 induces new bone formation in the woven petrous bone. Due to the immobilization this effect is restricted to the implant surface. Thus preventing ectopic bone formation. rhBMP-2-coating of titanium surfaces might improve the osseointegration of otologic implants.