gms | German Medical Science

7th EFSMA – European Congress of Sports Medicine, 3rd Central European Congress of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Annual Assembly of the German and the Austrian Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Austrian Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

26.-29.10.2011, Salzburg, Österreich

The benefit of the individualised prophylactic programs on the somatometric parameters of obese young people

Meeting Abstract

7th EFSMA – European Congress of Sports Medicine, 3rd Central European Congress of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Salzburg, 26.-29.10.2011. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2011. Doc11esm201

DOI: 10.3205/11esm201, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-11esm2015

Veröffentlicht: 24. Oktober 2011

© 2011 Oravitan et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielfältigt, verbreitet und öffentlich zugänglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Objective: A study made on the students from West University of Timisoara has shown that 38% are overweight and obese. An individualized prophylactic program that includes an exercise program and a hygieno-diet regime can modify the lifestyle and can improve the young obese's somatometric parameters, state of health and quality of life.

Material/Methods: The study group was composed by 60 students; the criteria upon which the students were selected were: age between 18 and 25 years (21.4±3.74 years), BMI>30kg/m2, agreement upon voluntary participation to the assessments meetings, training programs and accordance to the hygieno-diet regime; the exclusion criteria were: the presence of an associated pathology that would contradict physical effort and/or a hygieno-diet regime, disproval towards the mentioned agreement, expressed desire to leave the program. The assessment protocol was composed of: somatometry, body composition analysis through bioimpedancy (InBody720 device), analysis of the glycaemic and lipids profile, ergospirometric analysis, life quality assessment (WHOQOL) [1]. The study period was 24 months; the subjects were evaluated on a quarterly basis. The training schedule was based upon the ergospirometric analysis, so that the heart rate intervals demanded by the physical training were those in which lipids are predominantly consumed [2]. The nutritional counselling was based upon stressing the focus on a hypocaloric and hypolipidic regime.

Results: The most significant results of this study are presented in Table 1.

Conclusion: Following the compliance with the kinetoprophylactic program and with the diet, significant improvement of the majority of the somatometric parameters and indexes has been obtained, especially on those which are directly related to the cardio-metabolic risk (visceral fat area, lipidic profile, rest heart frequency, blood pressure values, waist-hip ratio).

Acknowledgement: This study was made as part of the research project CNCSIS-Idei code 2330/2008.


References

1.
Mesina L, Hoble LD, Cocaina A, Szasz T, Avram C. Nutritional assessment and its role in evaluation and prescription of exercise training. Timisoara Physical Education and Rehabilitation Journal. 2010;2(4):55-60.
2.
Avram C, Oravitan M, Hoble LD, Rusu AM, Almajan-Guta B, Voicu S. Interval exercise training benefit on fat oxidation and resting metabolic rate in young patients with metabolic syndrome. Clinical Nutrition Supplements. 2010;5(Suppl 2):179.
3.
Oravitan M, Szabo E, Avram C, Rusu A, Hoble LD, Bota E. Studiu privind starea de nutritie a studentilor Universitatii de Vest din Timisoara. Analele UVT – Seria Educatie Fizica si Sport. 2010;12:207-14.