gms | German Medical Science

7th EFSMA – European Congress of Sports Medicine, 3rd Central European Congress of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Annual Assembly of the German and the Austrian Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Austrian Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

26.-29.10.2011, Salzburg, Österreich

Anthropometric and physiological parameters in young soccer players

Meeting Abstract

7th EFSMA – European Congress of Sports Medicine, 3rd Central European Congress of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Salzburg, 26.-29.10.2011. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2011. Doc11esm143

DOI: 10.3205/11esm143, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-11esm1436

Veröffentlicht: 24. Oktober 2011

© 2011 Nikolic et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielfältigt, verbreitet und öffentlich zugänglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Objective: In young soccer players, body mass and cardiorespiratory fitness increase due to growth and/or training. Rapid qualitative and quantitative changes appear in young soccer players which contribute to better physical performance. Due to the obvious lack of descriptive data concerning the soccer players in the region, the aim of this study was to determine some anthropometric and physiological parameters in young soccer players regarding their age.

Material/Methods: A number of 152 male soccer players, concerning the age, was divided in 3 groups: I – 11.75±1.01 years (n=27); II – 14.58±0.49 years (n=47); and III – 16.63±0.48 years (n=78). The analyzed physiological parameters were: maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max); red blood cell count (Rbc); and hemoglobin (Hb) value. For VO2max the treadmill protocol by Bruce was used. The set of basic anthropometric parameters such as height, weight and body mass index (BMI) were analyzed.

Results: VO2max increased from 37.53±6.78 ml/kg in the I group to 42.61±5.89 ml/kg in the II and 44.23±4.71 ml/kg in the III group (p<0.01). Regarding Rbc, there were no significant differences among the groups, but increased Hb level in older 2 groups was found (p<0.05). When compared from I to III group, a significant increase in height (p<0.001) and in weight (p<0.001) was noticed. BMI showed higher values with statistical significance of p<0.0005 in the II group (20.76±2.55 kg/m²) and p<0.0001 in the III group (22.45±2.32 kg/m²) compared to the I one.

Conclusion: From the obtained results we may conclude that VO2max, Hb and BMI were significantly higher in the older players. Due to these findings, they may serve as useful parameters to establish a base data for young soccer player performance assessment.


References

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