gms | German Medical Science

104. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft e. V. (DOG)

21. - 24.09.2006, Berlin

The quality of life in patients with keratoconus

Meeting Abstract

  • D. Wyględowska-Promieńska - Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
  • O. Domańska - Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
  • S. Gierek-Ciaciura - Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
  • M. Formińska-Kapuścik - Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
  • E. Mrukwa-Kominek - Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland

Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft e.V.. 104. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft (DOG). Berlin, 21.-24.09.2006. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2006. Doc06dogP082

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/dog2006/06dog604.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 18. September 2006

© 2006 Wyględowska-Promieńska et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielf&aauml;ltigt, verbreitet und &oauml;ffentlich zug&aauml;nglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

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Objective

The aim of the study was to assess the impact of keratoconus and its treatment on quality of life.

Methods

76 patients affected with keratoconus (mean age: 34,6 years, ±11,8). The results were compared with the control group of 100 age-matched normal subjects (mean age 35,7 years, ±12,1). Best corrected visual acuity in keratoconus was from 0,1 to 1,0 (mean 0,56±0,38). A special questionnaire was prepared to ask subjects to rate by themselves how difficult they found each of 43 situations and daily activities in the scale from 1-no problem to 5-extreme difficulty, which practically disables performing the activity on their own.

Results

The statistically significant differences of difficulty rates between the group of patients with keratoconus and the control group were found. The patients with keratoconus reported the activities connected with high glare effect as well as low illumination to be most difficult for them. The most striking differences were found in the number of the unemployed in the group of keratoconus patients and the control group (21,1% vs. 10%). The obvious outcome of the disease is the number of young pensioners (15,8%). Another outcome of the questionnaire is that there is a significant group of keratoconus patients (60,5%) who happen to ignore the medical recommendation.

Conclusions

Since keratoconus affects young active adults, the impact of the disease on patients’ quality of life is extreme. The disease hinders their ability to lead normal both private and professional lives. The research showed dramatic number of young pensioners as well as the unemployed among people suffering from keratoconus.