gms | German Medical Science

104. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft e. V. (DOG)

21. - 24.09.2006, Berlin

Age-related macular disease in the DR Congo – Demographic and clinical aspects

Meeting Abstract

  • E. Makwanga - Kinshasa/ZRE
  • J. Kilangalanga - Kinshasa/ZRE
  • G. Ngweme - Kinshasa/ZRE
  • A. Hopkins - Kinshasa/ZRE
  • F. Matondo - Kinshasa/ZRE

Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft e.V.. 104. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft (DOG). Berlin, 21.-24.09.2006. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2006. Doc06dogSA.10.06

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter:

Veröffentlicht: 18. September 2006

© 2006 Makwanga et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen ( Er darf vervielfältigt, verbreitet und öffentlich zugänglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.




Age-related macular (ARM) disease is one of leading causes of visual impairment in individuals more than 50 years of age in developed countries. Some studies reported ARM to be unusual in colored races but others established it to be frequent in theses races with prevalence varying between 1,1% in South India and 17,4% in Africa. There are no statistics available in most of part of Africa and especially in DR-Congo. This report try to give some clinical and epidemiological aspects of ARM in patients examined in an Eye Clinic.


To describe Demographic and clinical findings of ARM in black patients examined in an African Eye Clinic.


  • A review of medical files examined in an out patient Eye Clinic from January 2000 till December 2005 were made.
  • Patients aged of 40 years old or more were included with a diagnostic of ARM.
  • Patients with other maculopathy were excluded and with juvenile macular degeneration as well.
  • Sex, age, visual acuity and clinical findings were recorded.


Among 37.127 patients examined, only 26 had ARM. There was not difference between sex, 92% were aged more than 50 years old. Most of patients had the dry form of ARMD characterized especially by drüsen and pigmentary changes. We had one case with wet form with exudates and preretinal haemorrhages Only 8 patients (31 %) had a VA<6/60 or worse. Most of them had the dry from of ARM.


Age related macular (ARM) exist in black population but with a low frequency. Visual acuity is rarely worse, the dry is common with predominance of drüsen and pigmentary changes. We think that with special equipment for diagnosis this frequency can change.