gms | German Medical Science

102. Jahrestagung der DOG

Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft e. V.

23. bis 26.09.2004, Berlin

Lea test symbols and detection of amblyopia in pseudophakic children in Kinshasa:DRC

Meeting Abstract

  • corresponding author N. Kilangalanga - Hopital St Joseph, Kinshasa
  • A. D. Hopkins - Hopital St Joseph, Kinshasa
  • M. Schittkowski - Universitäts-Augenklinik Rostock
  • R. F. Guthoff - Universitäts-Augenklinik Rostock

Evidenzbasierte Medizin - Anspruch und Wirklichkeit. 102. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft. Berlin, 23.-26.09.2004. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2004. Doc04dogSO.08.03

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/dog2004/04dog484.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 22. September 2004

© 2004 Kilangalanga et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielf&aauml;ltigt, verbreitet und &oauml;ffentlich zug&aauml;nglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Objective

Lea test and E Snellen test were compared prospectively to measure their reliability for visual acuity screening and early detection of amblyopia.

Methods

Thirty children aged less than 6 years with pseudophakic eyes and thirty other visually healthy were assessed for visual acuity. Each child was screened twice with both tets.

Results

Children aged less than 2 years couldn't be sceened by line test, so we used functionnal tests. E Snellen test was easily recognised and named than Lea test by children aged more than 2 years. Some symbols wre identified, named and pointed with difficulties by children of both groups (the apple symbol and house symbol). Lea test was difficult to use with mental retardation and hearing and speech troubles conditions.

Conclusions

Lea test symbols are very sensitive for detection of amblyopia in cooperative children. In Africa as most of children are literate and these symbols are not familiar to our social reality, it is compulsory to train children and their parents in the clinic or at home before starting with visual acuity assessment.