gms | German Medical Science

22. Internationaler Kongress der Deutschen Ophthalmochirurgen

18. bis 21.06.2009, Nürnberg

Ophthalmology in India

Meeting Abstract

Suche in Medline nach

  • Antonio Bergua - University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Department of Ophthalmology, Erlangen, Germany
  • Matthias Vogler - University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Department of Ophthalmology, Erlangen, Germany
  • Christopher Rössler - University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Department of Ophthalmology, Erlangen, Germany

22. Internationaler Kongress der Deutschen Ophthalmochirurgen. Nürnberg, 18.-21.06.2009. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2009. Doc09docVI 4.3

doi: 10.3205/09doc088, urn:nbn:de:0183-09doc0885

Veröffentlicht: 9. Juli 2009

© 2009 Bergua et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen ( Er darf vervielfältigt, verbreitet und öffentlich zugänglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.



The republic India is the world’s largest democracy. With a population of 1.2 milliard inhabitants India is surpassed only by China. Approximate 19 million Indians are blind, living predominantly in the countryside. The most frequent reason for blindness is cataract: There are 15 million cataract blind patients in India. Three of four Indians over 60 years suffer from it. The most used technique for cataract surgery is the extracapsular cataract extraction with simultaneous intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Intracapsular cataract surgeries without IOL implantation can be found only rarely. Also the aphakia glass is little more accepted. The most suppliers of highly qualitative cataract surgery through phacoemulsification with simultaneously IOL implantation are private clinics or medical centers, especially in major cities. Only 15000 ophthalmologists are available in India for treatment of cataract and other ocular diseases, just as much as in Germany, nevertheless, they must supply 1.2 milliard people. Indian ophthalmologists work mainly in conservative ophthalmology and in the big towns; rural regions are avoided. Every year approx. 250 ocular surgeons are trained in India. In future the specialist's education should be better aimed on the modern ophthalmic surgery, in particular phacoemulsification, corneal transplantation and vitreo-retinal surgery. Also the realization of refractive interventions, above all LASIK, spreads rapidly in the major cities of India. By the rapid economic and technological development, India is also able to develop and produce own technologies for the ophthalmologic diagnosis and treatment ocular’s diseases.