gms | German Medical Science

62. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC)
Joint Meeting mit der Polnischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgen (PNCH)

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC) e. V.

07. - 11. Mai 2011, Hamburg

Intraoperative optical imaging can reliably visualize stimulated functional brain areas

Meeting Abstract

  • S.B. Sobottka - Klinik für Neurochirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Dresden
  • T. Meyer - Institut für Biomedizinische Technik, Dresden
  • M. Kirsch - Klinik für Neurochirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Dresden
  • T. Juratli - Klinik für Neurochirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Dresden
  • E. Koch - Klinisches Sensoring und Monitoring, Technische Universität Dresden
  • R. Steinmeier - Klinik für Neurochirurgie, Klinikum Chemnitz gGmbH
  • U. Morgenstern - Institut für Biomedizinische Technik, Dresden
  • G. Schackert - Klinik für Neurochirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Dresden

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. Polnische Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgen. 62. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC), Joint Meeting mit der Polnischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgen (PNCH). Hamburg, 07.-11.05.2011. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2011. DocMO.08.07

DOI: 10.3205/11dgnc055, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-11dgnc0554

Veröffentlicht: 28. April 2011

© 2011 Sobottka et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielfältigt, verbreitet und öffentlich zugänglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Objective: Optical imaging of intrinsic signals is a new method for the fast and contact-free visualization of stimulated eloquent brain areas during neurosurgical interventions.

Methods: The intensity of the light reflected by the cortical tissue was measured in 47 patients with lesions around the somatosensory, visual or speech cortex using a high resolution camera mounted to an operating microscope. Using adequate stimulation methods, the difference in the spectral absorption was used to differentiate between activated and non-activated brain areas. The data acquisition time was 9 minutes, with stimulation alternating with non-stimulation at 30-second intervals. The difference between averaged frames was calculated and overlaid over an image of the operative site. Brain movements associated with heartbeat and respiration were compensated using a deformable registration algorithm.

Results: Localized activation of cortical tissue could be visualized for the somatosensory, visual and speech cortices. An excellent imaging quality could be achieved for most of the patients. The calculated location and the size of the activated region corresponded to anatomical landmarks and the results derived by electrophysiological examinations as well as confirmed the estimation of the neurosurgeon. The results were reproducible in independent examinations. In very few cases, no activation of cortical tissue could be deciphered because of technical and biological artifacts.

Conclusions: Optical imaging of intrinsic signals provides an intraoperative high spatial resolution image of brain surface activation, allowing for the localization of eloquent brain areas during surgery.

(The study is funded by the Carl Zeiss Surgical GmbH and BMBF.)