gms | German Medical Science

62. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC)
Joint Meeting mit der Polnischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgen (PNCH)

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC) e. V.

07. - 11. Mai 2011, Hamburg

Fibre density mapping and 18F-fluoroethyl-tyrosine PET for classification of white matter fibre tract alterations in the vicinity of gliomas

Meeting Abstract

  • O. Ganslandt - Neurochirurgische Klinik, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
  • A. Stadlbauer - Neurochirurgische Klinik, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg; MR Physics Group, Zentralröntgen, Landesklinikum St.Pölten, Österreich
  • T. Hammen - Neurologische Klinik, Zentrum Epilepsie, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
  • O. Prante - Nuklearmedizinische Klinik, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
  • P. Grummich - Neurochirurgische Klinik, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
  • T. Kuwert - Nuklearmedizinische Klinik, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
  • M.T. Doelken - Abteilung für Neuroradiologie, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
  • C. Nimsky - Neurochirurgische Klinik, Universitätsklinikum Marburg
  • M. Buchfelder - Neurochirurgische Klinik, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. Polnische Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgen. 62. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC), Joint Meeting mit der Polnischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgen (PNCH). Hamburg, 07.-11.05.2011. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2011. DocMO.04.08

DOI: 10.3205/11dgnc016, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-11dgnc0165

Veröffentlicht: 28. April 2011

© 2011 Ganslandt et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielfältigt, verbreitet und öffentlich zugänglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Objective: Diffuse tumor infiltration pose a problem in therapy planning. Fibre density mapping (FDM) is a new approach for post-processing of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data. FET-PET is a specific tumor imaging modality. We used FDM and FET-PET for classification of WM fibre tract alterations in the vicinity of gliomas.

Methods: Routine MRI, DTI and FET-PET were performed in 26 patients with gliomas WHO II-IV. FD values were calculated from DTI data and co-registered to PET data using mutual information. FDM data were used to segment fibre structures in the vicinity of the lesions and in contralateral WM. FD and FET values were evaluated as tumor-to-brain ratios. Based on the results of Pauleit et al. (Brain 2005) we defined four different categories of FET-uptake: tumor infiltration (FET > 1.6); gliosis, microglial activation, or/and oedema (FET > 1.1), normal brain (FET > 0.9) and decreased uptake (FET < 0.9). FD ratio-values (FDR) were grouped in increased (> 1.1), normal (0.9 > FDR < 1.1) and decreased (< 0.9).

Results: Based on the four FET categories in combination with the three groups of FD values we defined ten potential patterns of fibre tract alterations in the vicinity of gliomas. FET > 1.6 and FDR > 1.1: tumor infiltrated, compressed but intact fibres (this pattern showed one pt); FET > 1.6 and normal FD: slight tumor infiltrated, only translocated but intact fibres (2 pts) or tumor infiltrated, compressed and partly destroyed fibres (4 pts); FET > 1.6 and FDR < 0.9: tumor infiltrated, not (anymore) compressed and partly destroyed fibres (6 pts). FET > 1.1 and FDR > 1.1: gliotic/oedematous, compressed and intact fibres (7 pts); FET > 1.1 and normal FD: gliotic/oedematous, only translocated and intact fibres (4 pts); FET > 1.1 and FDR < 0.9: gliotic/oedematous and widened/partly destroyed fibres (16 pts); FET > 0.9 and FDR > 1.1: compressed and intact fibres (12 pts); FET > 0.9 and normal FD: only translocated and intact fibres (7 pts); FET > 0.9 and FDR < 0.9: widened or partly destroyed fibres (9 pts); FET < 0.9 and FDR < 0.9: strongly oedematous and partly destroyed fibres (1 pt). All patients showed more than one pattern.

Conclusions: We presented a multimodal imaging strategy for classification of WM fibre tract alterations in the vicinity of gliomas. We demonstrated that WM changes in the border zone are more complex as described in literature. This may be helpful to prevent post-therapeutic neurologic deficits.