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59. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC)
3. Joint Meeting mit der Italienischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (SINch)

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC) e. V.

01. - 04.06.2008, Würzburg

Extra-arachnoidal cranio-cervical decompression for syringomyelia associated with Chiari I malformation in adults: technique assessment

Meeting Abstract

  • corresponding author N. Benedetto - Neurosurgical Department, University of Florence, Italy
  • P. Perrini - Neurosurgical Department, University of Florence, Italy
  • H. Mouchaty - Neurosurgical Department, University of Florence, Italy
  • N. Di Lorenzo - Neurosurgical Department, University of Florence, Italy

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. Società Italiana di Neurochirurgia. 59. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e.V. (DGNC), 3. Joint Meeting mit der Italienischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (SINch). Würzburg, 01.-04.06.2008. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2008. DocMI.04.02

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/dgnc2008/08dgnc228.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 30. Mai 2008

© 2008 Benedetto et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielf&aauml;ltigt, verbreitet und &oauml;ffentlich zug&aauml;nglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Objective: The osteo-dural decompression of the cerebellar tonsils at the cranio-cervical junction is generally considered the most effective treatment for syringomyelia-Chiari I complex. However, there is much controversy concerning a great number of surgical adjuvants to the standard bony decompression. Here an extra-arachnoidal cranio-cervical decompression (CCD) without duroplasty is described and the surgical results are reported.

Methods: Between 2000 and 2005, twenty-four adult patients underwent surgery for symptomatic syringomyelia-Chiari I complex not associated with hydrocephalus. In all cases, the surgical procedure consisted of a limited suboccipital craniectomy and laminectomy of C1 (when necessary C2 as well) followed by dural opening leaving the arachnoid membrane intact. The dura mater is left open and is stitched laterally to the muscles.

Results: With a mean clinical long-term follow-up of 44 months (range, 12-78 mo), neurological disturbances improved in twenty-one of twenty-four patients (87.5%) as result of extra-arachnoidal CCD. The postoperative complications occurred when the arachnoid membrane was accidentally violated (4 cases, 16.6%). The complications included aseptic meningitis (one patient), nucal pseudomeningocele (two patients) and postoperative hydrocephalus requiring a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (one patient). Finally, one patient received an additional C2 laminectomy in order to achieve an improvement in symptoms and syrinx shrinkage. Postoperative MRI studies demonstrated that the syrinx decreased in size or collapsed in 20 patients (83.3%) and stabilized in 4 (16.7%).

Conclusions: The extra-arachnoidal CCD is a safe and effective treatment for syringomyelia associated with Chiari I malformation in adults without intraoperative evidence of adhesive arachnoiditis. However, a larger number of patients and longer follow-up will be necessary to determine the efficacy of extra-arachnoidal CCD.