gms | German Medical Science

59. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC)
3. Joint Meeting mit der Italienischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (SINch)

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC) e. V.

01. - 04.06.2008, Würzburg

Neural activity in the basal ganglia under Parkinson's disease conditions: a modeling study

Meeting Abstract

  • corresponding author G. Iorio - U.O.C. Neurochirurgia Azienda Ospedaliera “G. Rummo”, Benevento, Italia
  • S. Santaniello - Group for Research on Automatic Control Engineering Università degli Studi del Sannio, Benevento, Italia
  • G. Fiengo - Group for Research on Automatic Control Engineering Università degli Studi del Sannio, Benevento, Italia
  • L. Glielmo - Group for Research on Automatic Control Engineering Università degli Studi del Sannio, Benevento, Italia
  • M. F. De Pandis - IRCCS San Raffaele Pisana, Cassino, Italia
  • G. Catapano - U.O.C. Neurochirurgia Azienda Ospedaliera “G. Rummo”, Benevento, Italia

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. Società Italiana di Neurochirurgia. 59. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e.V. (DGNC), 3. Joint Meeting mit der Italienischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (SINch). Würzburg, 01.-04.06.2008. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2008. DocDI.05.03

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/dgnc2008/08dgnc177.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 30. Mai 2008

© 2008 Iorio et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielf&aauml;ltigt, verbreitet und &oauml;ffentlich zug&aauml;nglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Objective: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neuro-degenerative pathology affecting the basal ganglia through a progressive necrosis of dopaminergic cells. As a consequence, it produces altered information patterns along movement-related ganglia-mediated pathways in the brain, thus inducing motor disorders like tremor at rest and postural instability. While pharmacological and electrical therapies are currently available for PD treatment, the mechanisms according to which such disease operates are still partly unclear, due to the lack of knowledge about the basal ganglia role in motor tasks execution. For that reason, our work aims at investigating the inner dynamics of the basal ganglia and reproducing how PD alters their electric patterns.

Methods: We develop a two-stages modeling study: we firstly focus on those nuclei involved in the genesis of PD motor symptoms (in particular, STN, GPi and GPe) and, for them, develop a conductance-based electrical model able to mimic quantitative data from different in vitro physiological analyses. Then, cellular models are inserted in a network scheme to reproduce the main actual anatomical connections.

Results: Our models show that several highly nonlinear electrical behaviors can stem from the interaction between specific ionic currents as particular parameters change. The network connections, instead, reproduce some of the macroscopic behaviors reported in literature for normal and Parkinsonian conditions, and indicate that topology and feedback links are required for synchronization purposes along the network.

Conclusions: The proposed simulation study reproduces nonlinear dynamics occurring into the subthalamo-pallidal neurons and mimics the actual synaptic connections in order to investigate the mechanisms generating the pathological neural activity in PD conditions. Results match experimental data both from human subjects and primates and suggest that synchronization across the basal ganglia maybe is one of the main disruptive effects of the disease.