gms | German Medical Science

59. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC)
3. Joint Meeting mit der Italienischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (SINch)

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC) e. V.

01. - 04.06.2008, Würzburg

The role of tractography in the assessment of motor dysfunction in central glioma surgery

Die Rolle der Traktographie in Einschätzung der motorischen Dysfunktion in Chirurgie zentraler Gliomen

Meeting Abstract

  • corresponding author Y. Parpaley - Neurochirurgische Klinik, Universität Bonn, Deutschland
  • G. Neuloh - Neurochirurgische Klinik, Universität Bonn, Deutschland
  • M. Nelles - Abteilung für Radiologie, Universität Bonn, Deutschland
  • H. Urbach - Abteilung für Radiologie, Universität Bonn, Deutschland
  • J. Schramm - Neurochirurgische Klinik, Universität Bonn, Deutschland

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. Società Italiana di Neurochirurgia. 59. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e.V. (DGNC), 3. Joint Meeting mit der Italienischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (SINch). Würzburg, 01.-04.06.2008. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2008. DocMO.11.01

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/dgnc2008/08dgnc107.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 30. Mai 2008

© 2008 Parpaley et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielf&aauml;ltigt, verbreitet und &oauml;ffentlich zug&aauml;nglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Objective: The compromise between (sub)total resection versus prevention of functional deficit during glioma surgery is a topic of discussion over decades. One modern aspect of minimizing functional deficits is the use of motor pathway tractography in preoperative planning and intraoperative image guidance.

Methods: In our prospective study, we evaluated 15 cases with central gliomas. We reconstructed tumor volume on the preoperative MRI and resection volume on fusioned post-op MRI scans, measured distances from the corticospinal tract to the edge of the resection volume and evaluated postoperative motor deficit. MRI (T1 with gadolinium, T2, Flair) imaging including DTI (15 directions) was performed on a 3T MR scanner before operation and up to 72 hours after operation. Only patients with intact preoperative motor function were included. The protocol for defining the corticospinal tracts included separate VOI definition in the motor cortex for the upper and lower extremity, antegrade fiber tracking with retention of fibers reaching the medulla oblongata. Both tracts for upper and lower extremity were combined. In cases with distorted motor cortex, the anatomy retrograde tracking was used.

Results: In most of the cases, we achieved a plausible visualization of the central motor pathway with very low variation. Tissue edema was a serious problem for tractography in higher grade tumors. We have found a correlation between the occurrence of motor deficit, periresectional edema and the distance between resection volume and the corticospinal tract.

Conclusions: Tractography of the central motor pathways is a reliable method of structural imaging which can be standardised. It helps to understand the mechanisms of new postoperative deficit. A reliable presentation of the proximal corticospinal tract in cases with a strong distortion of the motor cortex is difficult, and depends on the skills and experience of the researcher. Preoperative planning and image guidance may help to prevent postoperative motor deficit.