gms | German Medical Science

55. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e. V. (DGNC)
1. Joint Meeting mit der Ungarischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC) e. V.

25. bis 28.04.2004, Köln

Analysis of the value of the pulsatility index (PI) of the transcranial Doppler sonography as predictor of intracranial pressure

Analyse der Wertigkeit des Pulsatilitätsindexes (PI) der transkraniellen Dopplersonographie zur Vorhersage des intrakraniellen Druckes

Meeting Abstract

Suche in Medline nach

  • corresponding author Matthias Hubert Morgalla - Neurochirurgische Klinik, Universitätsklinikum Tübingen, Tübingen
  • H. Magunia - Neurochirurgische Klinik, Universitätsklinikum Tübingen, Tübingen
  • M. Tatagiba - Neurochirurgische Klinik, Universitätsklinikum Tübingen, Tübingen

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. Ungarische Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. 55. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e.V. (DGNC), 1. Joint Meeting mit der Ungarischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. Köln, 25.-28.04.2004. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2004. DocP 10.108

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/dgnc2004/04dgnc0391.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 23. April 2004

© 2004 Morgalla et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielf&aauml;ltigt, verbreitet und &oauml;ffentlich zug&aauml;nglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Objective

The pulsatility index (PI) of transcranial Doppler sonography is reported to correlate with the intracranial pressure (ICP). Since the PI can be investigated non-invasively, this capability seems clinically important. However, there have been examples of failure of the prediction of the PI. Therefore, it was the aim of this study to prospectively examine the relation between PI and ICP and the predictive value of the PI regarding ICP.

Methods

A prospective study was designed. Patients with intraparenchymatous ICP (Camino 110-4b) probes or fluid-coupled ICP transducers (Codman EDS II) were examined by TCD and the PI was calculated daily for the period of the ICP monitoring. Inclusion criterias: Age 18-85 years, patients with head injuries, intracerebral bleeds or subarachnoidal haemorrhage (SAH). Exclusion criterias: known cardiovascular abnormalities or vasospasm (Vmean> 100cm/s). Both middle cerebral arteries were examined by transcranial Doppler insonation. Velocity parameters measured included the peak systolic (S), end-diastolic (D) and time mean (M) velocities, from which the pulsatility index could be calculated: S-D/M. A regression analysis of the different parameters was performed. In addition to the Goodness-of-Fit test, the Shapiro-Wilk test was used.

Results

Fourty-nine patients were examined. The mean age was 49,5 years. Eighteen patients presented with a head injury, 10 with an intracranial bleeding, 17 patients with a SAH and 4 with other pathologies. 372 TCD examinations were performed. ICP values ranged from 0-52 mmHg, the mean ICP was 11,2 mmHg. Intraparenchymatous ICP probes and fluid-coupled transducers were evaluated separately but the results were similar. The correlation of the PI and corresponding ICP revealed correlation coefficients of 0,6 (Camino) and 0,5 (fluid-coupled transducer). These results were statistically significant (fluid coupled probe: p<0,0001), (Camino: p<0,01). The PI did not have any predictive value regarding ICP from these data.

Conclusions

The PI of transcranial Doppler sonography is not a reliable predictor of the intracranial pressure and can not be recommended for clinical use.