gms | German Medical Science

128. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Chirurgie

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Chirurgie

03.05. - 06.05.2011, München

Selective antegrade perfusion in acute aortic type a dissection – fact or myth

Meeting Abstract

  • Stefan Bauer - MediClin Herzzentrum Lahr/Baden, Herz-, Thorax- und Gefäßchirurgie, Lahr
  • Kerstin Bauer - MediClin Herzzentrum Lahr/Baden, Herz-, Thorax- und Gefäßchirurgie, Lahr
  • Ullrich Rosendahl - MediClin Herzzentrum Lahr/Baden, Herz-, Thorax- und Gefäßchirurgie, Lahr
  • Christoph Lutz - MediClin Herzzentrum Lahr/Baden, Herz-, Thorax- und Gefäßchirurgie, Lahr
  • Jürgen Ennker - MediClin Herzzentrum Lahr/Baden, Herz-, Thorax- und Gefäßchirurgie, Lahr

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Chirurgie. 128. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Chirurgie. München, 03.-06.05.2011. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2011. Doc11dgch237

DOI: 10.3205/11dgch237, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-11dgch2371

Veröffentlicht: 20. Mai 2011

© 2011 Bauer et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielfältigt, verbreitet und öffentlich zugänglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Objective: Recent advance in surgical technique facilitates more aggressive approaches for thoracic aortic diseases even in type A acute aortic dissection (AAAD) at lower temperatures . We investigated the outcomes of our strategy of central aortic cannulation, open distal anastomosis with tear oriented repair using antegrade perfusion and moderate hypothermia.

Methods: A review of 133 patients who underwent aortic surgery for AAAD.

Results: Direct aortic cannulation was successful in all cases and resulted in no adverse events. The antegrade perfusion was performed in all cases with antegrade perfusion of the right and left carotid artery and the left subclavian artery in 89% of the cases, among which 130 patients (100% of the cases) underwent an open distal anastomosis. Median age of the patients was 66.3 years (ranging from 26 to 89 years) with 65% being male. Performed operations were modified valve-sparing aortic root replacement (82%), and replacement with a stentless aortic valve (8%). Hemiarch replacement was added in 73.5%. The owest temperature was 28.4 degrees C +/-1.3 degrees C. There were 10 deaths (mortality 7.6%). A total of 6 patients (4.6%) had major neurologic complications.

Conclusions: Open distal anastomosis at the time of aortic root replacement can be safely performed with central aortic cannulation and moderate hypothermia using antegrade perfusion of the carotid and the left subclavian artery.